French verbs in the present tense

Image result for she's having lunch rue de Dijon

The verbs

How to identify a verb in French

They end in -er, -ir or -re in the infinitive form. The Infinitive means the verbs are not conjugated.

Regular verbs means that there is a fixed pattern and you can learn it easily.

Irregular verbs means that there can be some exceptions.

1 – Verbs that finish in -er:

  1. Déjeuner, to have lunch  Je déjeune toujours à 1 heure dans un petit restaurant, rue de Dijon. I always have lunch at one oclock in a small restaurant, Dijon street.
  2. Jouer , to play  A la récréation, Marie et moi, nous jouons aux cartes  At breaktime, Mary and I play cards.
  3. Regarder, to watch  En été, nous regardons les bateaux et les mouettes.   In the summer, we watch the boats and the seagulls.

2 – Verbs that end in -ir:

  1. grandir, to grow Les enfants grandissent trop vite! Children grow too quickly
  2. choisir, to choose Raoul choisit le ballon de rugby, Sylvie choisit la raquette de tennis, mon frère et moi nous choisissons des nouvelles baskets. Raoul chooses the rugby ball, Sylvie chooses the tennis racket, my brother and I we choose new trainers.

3 – Verbs that end in -re:

  1. fondre, to melt. Pendant que le beurre fond, épluchez les carrottes. While the butter melts, peel the carotts.
  2. entendre, to hear. Il entend la musique et il se dépêche. He hears the music and he  hurries up.
  3. perdre, to lose. Ma bague tombe dans le sable, je la perds, je la cherche et je la trouve.  My ring falls in the sand, I lose it, I am looking for it and I find it.

So for the er verbs in the present tense

Get rid of the  ending  -er

and add those endings according to the person who performs the action or the personal pronouns. Note that the French use tu and vous but in English, we only use You. The following table is going to help you!

20191201_160538.jpg

I = je déjeune I’m having lunch

You = tu déjeunes you are having lunch

He = il déjeune  He’s having lunch  She = Elle déjeun She’s having lunch

We = nous déjeunons we are having lunch

You = vous déjeunez  you are having lunch

They = ils ( men or men and women) déjeunent    they are having lunch

They = elles (women) déjeunent   they are having lunch.

So for the ir verbs in the present tense

Get rid of the  ending  -ir and add those endings according to the person who performs the action or the personal pronouns. Here is a table to help you!

20191201_161958.jpg

En hiver, je grossis toujours un peu! In the winter, I always put a little bit of weight.

Tu réfléchis trop! You think too much!

Il réussit à vendre une centaine de livres: he manages to sell about a hundred of books.

Cette fois-ci, nous ne finissons pas le gâteau dans les temps. This time, we don’t finish the cake in time.

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